According to figures from National Geographic it can takes up to 70 gallons of water to fill a bathtub.
It is now recognised that using showers is generally more water-efficient than taking a bath but there are additional small things that can be done to make the use of water in the shower, as well as the home, even more efficient.
When in the shower, for example, using a bucket to catch water as it is being run to warm up rather than leaving it to run away down the waste pipe, collects water that can be used to flush toilets or water plants. Every flush of the toilet adds up and can be as much as 20 gallons a day in the average home.
Other tricks are to shave or brush your teeth while in the shower and to turn off the water while applying shampoo and washing the hair, turning it on again for rinsing. Did you know that turning off the water while you shave at the wash basin can save up to 300 gallons a month?
The shower’s water efficiency can also be improved without installing expensive equipment. There is a range of eco-efficient shower heads available that use a new air technology, sucking air into the shower head via a small hole in the handle base, which when mixed with water increases the pressure. Fitting a new, more efficient eco shower head can reduce the water use by up to 40%.
These shower heads come in a variety of options including high pressure shower heads, low flow shower heads for use where the water pressure into the home is weak, hand-held showers and water saving shower heads.
Even shortening the use of a shower by a minute or two can save up to 150 gallons per month.
If a home does not have water supplies through a meter so that it is possible to see easily how much is being used. There are plenty of online calculators available but it is possible to get an idea of average household water use from some simple facts.
It is estimated that one person uses 19 gallons per day in the toilet, 15 gallons per day for bathing & hygiene, eight gallons per day on laundry, seven gallons per day in the kitchen and one gallon per day on housekeeping.
Based on these facts the average person uses fifty gallons of water per day.